domingo, 28 de maio de 2017

Movies Vocabulary: como dizer equipe de filmagem, elenco e enredo em Inglês?

It's possible that by now you've already established your taste for movies. There are many movie genres that you can pick from. And before I get into them, I need to say that genre is nothing but a kind or a style of something, such as music, TV show, painting, etc. But since we're discussing vocabulary about movies, here's a list of the most popular movie genres: horror, thriller, action, comedy, animation, romantic, drama, action, among others. What is your favorite movie genre? Leave your answer in the comment section down below. I would personally say that one of my favorite movie genres is sci-fi, which is a genre with stories set in the future or in outer space.

In order for a movie to be made, there are certain elements of it that must be taken into consideration. The director, who is the person in charge of making a movie by overseeing the creative aspects of it, hires the cast whereas the film crew is hired by a production company. The difference between both is that the cast are understood to be the actors who appear in front of the camera or provide voices for characters in film and the film crew is everyone else making the film. We actually also have the producers who are more than just part of the crew. They own a portion of either the film company or the film's intellectual property rights.

Over the past years, the way people watch movies have changed a little. Going to the movies is still one of the favorite hobbies of many people (me included), but streaming services like Netflix is molding the movie and series industry. It's undeniable that watching a movie from the comfort of your home is sometimes much more convenient than going through a lot of troubles to get to the movie theater (however big and appealing that big screen can be). The screen by the way is that flat surface that a movie is projected onto. All you gotta do is go through the list of movies available for streaming and pick the one whose plot appeals you the most. Plot is the series of event that form the main story.

That's all for today, guys. Talk to you next time!

sábado, 27 de maio de 2017


The first thing you need to do after deciding to eat out with your friends or family is to book a table. You might be finding it weird to see the word book, most commonly known as a noun, used as a verb here. But in this context, booking means to make an arrangement in advance, to eat there a particular time.

The person on the other side of the line might need to ask you how many people will be in your party. And now we have another common word being used as something else. When it comes to reservations, a party is just a group of people who arrange to eat together. They need to get that information in advance because if it's a party of 5 people, for example, they'll be setting the table for five people. (when you set the table, you arrange it)

So let's suppose you and your family have gone through the process of booking a table and have finally made it to the restaurant. The moment you all sit at the table, you're handed the menu. The menu is nothing but a printed list of meals that a restaurant serves. There are some kinds of menus. A set menu displays a list of dishes you can order together. It can include a main meal, a starter and dessert, all for a set price. Let's not forget that most restaurants have "today's specials", which are extra dishes cooked on the day that are not on the main menu. The drinks menu shows the soft drinks and alcoholic drinks that the restaurant can provide you with. And if the restaurant is a little bit fancy, you can get a wine menu.

I've previously mentioned some of the parts of the meal, such as starter, main course and dessert. But we need to get to know them better. A starter is the first course of the meal, which basically consists of small portions of food, served either hot or cold. You might want to skip this course if you're not very hungry. Then we have the main course, which as the name suggests itself, it's the main part of the meal. They're medium to large portions of food, which may or may not be served with vegetables. Then we move on to the side dish, which is a small portion of food you eat with a main meal. Side dishes are often shared with other people eating at the table. And finally we get to the dessert, which is the last and maybe most beloved part of a meal, especially by children. I say that because it is typically consisted of a sweet dish, such as cake, pudding or ice-cream. If you don't like sweets, you can alternatively ask for a savoury dish, which includes for example cheese and biscuits instead.

It's not a great part of our culture here in Brazil, but in places like the United Stated it's important that you leave some tip before you leave the restaurant. A tip is a small sum of money given to restaurant staff, for good service. And that's about it for a good night out at the restaurant. Talk to you next time!

terça-feira, 23 de maio de 2017

O que significa CARPOOL ou CARPOOLING?

No Brasil, essa prática infelizmente ainda não é tão popular. Mas em lugares como Inglaterra e Canadá, fazer rodízio de carona entre pessoas que fazem os mesmos percursos diariamente é tão comum que existem sites dedicados para promover esses encontros. Os motivos são variados, mas os principais sao a preocupação com o meio ambiente e a redução de gastos.

Em Inglês, nós chamamos esse fenômeno de CARPOOL. É preciso entender essa palavra duma maneira mais estruturada porque ela tanto serve como substantivo como verbo. Veja a palavra aplicada como substantivo:

Another mother in our neighborhood joined our carpool. [Outra mãe em nossa vizinhança entrou para a nossa carona solidária.]
By joining a carpool, people can save money and reduce stress.[Ao participar da carona solidária, pessoas podem economizar dinheiro e reduzir o estresse.]

Agora veja a mesma palavra sendo utilizada como verbo:

Mothers should carpool the children to school. [Mães deveriam dividir o carro quando levarem seus filhos para a escola.]
Driving carefully and keeping the vehicle in good repair are very important issues when carpooling. [Dirigir com cuidado e manter o veículo em bom estado são questões importantes quando estiver dividindo o carro.]
Let’s carpool to work? I could save some gas money. [Vamos dividir o carro até o trabalho? Eu poderia economizar um pouco a grana da gasolina.]

Há um canal no youtube dum host americano muito famoso chamado James Corden que faz uma versão karaoke de carpool. Seus passageiros são celebridades da música. Dá só uma olhada nesse vídeo com a cantora Adele:


sábado, 29 de abril de 2017

Speaking about Easter (a little too late)

Before anything else, it's important that we understand Easter itself. That is one of the most important christian holidays that celebrates and honors the resurrection of Jesus Christ. You must be familiar with the story of Jesus, son of God, dying and then coming back to life again. Jesus was killed by crucifixion, which is basically to be hung on a cross and left to die. That is why some Christians wear crucifixes on necklaces or have them hanging on a wall.

Easter is always celebrated on a Sunday in March or April, therefore its date changes every year. And speaking of the holiday itself, Lent is the period of about 40 days that comes before Easter. Some Christians take this time to prepare for the holiday and give up some specific foods as in preparation for Easter. Some may even fast for a few hours. If you don't know what fast means as a verb, that's when people don't eat anything at all, whether by religious or non-religious reasons. And since we're going backwards in time, there's another really famous celebration, especially here in Brazil, that comes right before Lent. That's Carnival. Our Carnival is the biggest one in the world, so I probably won't have to bother explaining what it is.

Back to Easter, it's common to hear about something called the Passion. We may even watch some movies or plays titled the Passion of the Christ or simply the Passion. Passion is a very known word in its literal meaning, but when it comes to Easter, we're actually referring to the suffering and death of Jesus Christ. When Jesus died and was put in a tomb, which is basically a place where you put a dead body, Jesus got to be compared to a lamb, a very present symbol of Christianity, because He died for our sins like an innocent animal would. That was a sacrifice and sacrifices are basically difficult things someone might do for the sake of themselves or other people.

quinta-feira, 6 de abril de 2017

Vocabulary related to Bullying

After watching 13 Reasons Why, which is a Netflix original series, I decided to cover some of the words and expressions related to bullying. That happened because the series approaches bullying, sexual abuse, suicide and many other things. So why not?

Since we seem to have adopted the word bullying in our own language, it clearly explains itself. What you may not know though is that we have the word bully as a noun and a verb. If you bully someone, for example, you may threaten to hurt them, force them to do something, beat them up, attack, harass, intimidate them, make fun of them, scare them, spread rumors about them, tease them, etc. Therefore, you're a bully.

You can easily tell who's a bully in a classroom by their behavior. Behavior is what we call a particular way of acting. If you have a behavior that may be described as abusive, disrespectful, bossy or threatening to others, especially to the weaker, you're likely to be a bully. And spotting a bully in a classroom is just as easy as finding a target. A target is usually someone of few words that don't seem to fit in quite easily, may have their possessions taken, personal belongings damaged and faces social exclusion. Many teachers and authority figures sometimes choose to turn a blind way to those behaviors and only stand by. Both expressions to turn a blind eye and to stand by mean to ignore something and pretend not to see it.

Tolerating an unpleasant and difficult fact like bullying is managing to accept it even though you do not like it. That's not the way to go. Alright, guys. See you next time!

domingo, 2 de abril de 2017

Vocabulário relacionado a April Fool's Day

I'm a few hours late, but I still think it's important to talk about yesterday, April 1st, also known as April Fool's Day or All Fool's Day. Although it's not a public holiday in any country, people celebrate it by playing practical jokes, tricks and hoaxes on each other. I'm not here to do any of that, so don't worry. But I want to cover some of the words related to that day, which by the way will come in handy on other days of the year. So stick around!

I mentioned the terms "practical jokes", "tricks" and "hoaxes" before. And maybe you're still confused by the meaning of them. So, here's a quick explanation: practical jokes are any kind of trick played on someone as a way to make them look foolish, which makes sense if you consider we're talking about April Fool's Day. Speaking of which, fool or foolish refer to a person who's silly, stupid or unwise; the difference is that fool is used as a noun, whereas foolish is an adjective. Back with the kinds of jokes, we also have "hoaxes". Hoaxes are also a trick, but in this case it is usually a trick planned to deceive a large group of people. If you take a look at the picture below on my blog, you'll see an example of that. There is what it seems to be an accident with a subway car broken through and surfaced on the square in front of the town hall, in Denmark. But in reality, it's just a hoax staged to fool people around.

Aprilsnar 2001.png

Another word for a practical joke is a prank. A prank call by the way is a telephone call in which the caller lies to or tricks the person they called. Those calls are usually made to strangers and the point is to cause confusion or anger. If you're someone who likes to play pranks or maybe make prank calls, you're a prankster. Some people are a prankster's favorite targets on April Fool's Day because they are easily deceived. in English, you can call people like that naive or gullible. And finally to wrap this all up, we have the spoof stories, which are fake stories presented as though they were real. Alright, guys. That's all for today. Talk to you next time!

terça-feira, 29 de novembro de 2016

Inglês Favorito Podcast #6: Car vocabulary

Before getting into collocations for cars, it's good that we learn about the parts of it. Face this as though we took a car apart to figure out some of its pieces. And here are the parts we're going to see: headlight, windshield, handle, roof, trunk, steering wheel and brake light. Is there any word you haven't heard of yet? If so, keep listening. So let's start with the headlight. Headlight is that powerful light at the front of a motor vehicle mostly used as a lighting source. The windshield is a pane of usually curved glass in front of the occupants of a vehicle to protect them from the wind. The handle is anything designed for holding, moving or carrying. In the case of a car, it's the part used to open the car's door. The roof is the structure forming the upper covering of the vehicle. The trunk is at the back of the car and it's a covered space for storing things in. The steering wheel is inside the car and it's basically the part used by the driver who turns it in order to make the car go in a particular direction. And finally brake lights are the red lights at the back of a motor vehicle that light up when the car is braked. To make things easier for you, I left a picture on my blog illustrating all the vocabulary we have just learned. You can see it at

So now that we've been familiarized with some of the many parts of a car, let's learn some collocations with the word car. If you don't know what a collocation is, try to think of it as only two or more words that usually go together. In other words, we're going to learn the words that sound natural with the word car. For example, what can you do with a car? You can drive it, right? But you can also travel into the country by car. But before you go on a trip like that, you need to take the car in for service, just to make sure it is repaired and ready to go. Only then you can get into the car, start the car, maybe accelerate a little but not too much and finally set off for your dream trip. But before I forget, make sure you stop at a gas station and depending on what your car runs on, such as gasoline or diesel, you can fill the tunk up.

Ok, now we're in the car on our way to a great trip. During that trip, many unforeseen events can happen, like your car breaking down in the middle of the road for example. That's bad right? That's why it's so important to take the car in for service beforehand. In a car accident, the car may leave the road, collide with a tree or another car, hit an animal. There's an expression in English involving cars that describes an accident, which is "to wrap one's car around something". For example, "She wrapped her car around a light pole. If he hadn't wrapped his car around a tree, he'd be here with us tonight." When you wrap your car around something, you drive it into something at fairly high speed. Okay, that's all for today guys. Talk to you next time!

quarta-feira, 23 de novembro de 2016

Inglês Favorito Podcast #5: FITNESS/DIET VOCABULARY (part 1)

There are many reasons for someone to want to start attending a gym. You may want to get in shape, improve your physical fitness, feel better about your appearance, or simply lose weight. If you don't understand what I just said, I'll break it down for you. When you get in shape you become healthy, strong and fit. You can achieve that by exercising frequently. Physical fitness is your ability to carry out tasks without undue fatigue. Sometimes in order to make your physical fitness better, you need to lose weight. Weight is your body's mass, which can be measured by pounds, kilos, etc. So, if you lose weight, you become thinner or skinnier, but if you put on weight, you gain weight and get fat.

If getting fatter isn't in your New year's resolutions for 2017, you need to watch your figure and cut down on chocolate and fat. Ok, now we have two new expressions here. When you watch your figure, you try to lose weight, keep fit, be careful about your diet, or, as I said before, cut down on junk food like chocolate, hamburgers, soda, etc. And when you cut down on food or some bad habit, you reduce the amount of it, you use, eat or buy less of it. So that will probably lead you to go on a diet, which means to lose weight by eating less food or specific foods. If you're really determined to be in good shape, you will want to associate a good diet to a good workout, which is what you basically do at the gym. Working out consists of a session of vigorous physical exercise or training. So, you can use it as a phrasal verb, as in: Yesterday I worked out with my friends at the gym. And you can also use it as a noun, as in: I had an excellent workout with the help of my trainer. That's all for today, guys. I'll talk to you next time!

terça-feira, 22 de novembro de 2016

Deixar alguém no vácuo: como dizer isso em Inglês?

Em português, quando você deixa alguém no vácuo, você escolhe ignorá-la. Se bem que as vezes nem sempre parte duma escolha. Na internet, por exemplo, é comum as pessoas se distraírem com outras conversas simultâneas, vídeos, jogos, e deixar alguém esperando muito tempo por uma resposta. Será que em Inglês encontramos uma correspondente com o exato sentido e até com o mesmo tom cômico da língua portuguesa?

A resposta é não. Apesar de haver algumas correspondentes possíveis na língua inglesa, não há nenhuma que consiga pegar até a última minúcia. Vamos às opções mais lógicas:


  • Tell me the rest of the story. Don't leave me hanging in midair.
  • I was left hanging for three weeks before I got a call offering me the job.
  • We don't know if we can buy the house yet because the bank left our loan application hanging.
  • Hey! I said give me five and you left me hanging.

ps: perceba através do último exemplo que essa expressão, assim como a nossa, pode se referir ao ato de deixar alguém esperando por uma resposta ou decisão ou, num sentido mais literal, ignorar alguém depois de qualquer tentativa de interação.


Our town council has given the cold shoulder to a proposal to build a public swimming pool.
I'd love to know why Bill gave the cold shoulder to Janice.
What have I done to him? He gave me the cold shoulder the whole evening at the party.

ps: ao contrário da primeira expressão, o sentido de deixar alguém no vácuo dessa é um pouco mais específico. Enquanto você pode deixar alguém no vácuo por pura distração, essa expressão só popde ser usada quando o vácuo é proposital e demonstra completa falta de interesse. Isso pode acontecer muito numa balada, por exemplo, quando, numa tentativa de interação, alguém demonstra indiferença e até desprezo.

sábado, 19 de novembro de 2016

Como se diz "namorar" em Inglês?

É como ouvir meus alunos perguntando como se dizer namorar em Inglês. Como a resposta está longe de ser aquela que as pessoas geralmente encontram no dicionário, eu acho que preciso abordar esse assuntoi aqui. Sem falar que existe mais de uma maneira de se dizewr isso em Inglês. Vamos lá!

Mike and Sarah have been going out for many years now. They seem happy.
I am going out with John. I left Tom.
Peter and Mary were going out when studied in the same class.

How long have you been seeing Sam?
I think she's seeing someone now. She isn't available.
Are you seeing someone?

My girlfriend and I have been dating since were teenagers.
I dated your mom back in high school.
I hope someday I'll finally date my dream girl.

TO GO STEADY (namorar sério)
I think they're going steady by the time they've been together.
My boyfriend and I are thinking of going steady.
My boyfriend said we should go steady and proposed to me.

How long have they been going together?
I know the cutest couple from school and they have been going together since forever.

quarta-feira, 16 de novembro de 2016

Inglês Favorito Podcast #4 - Restaurants and Food

Hello, guys! It's been a while, but I'm back with another episode of the Inglês Favorito podcast. Today, we are going to talk about restaurants and food. I've collected a few of the most common words and expressions associated with that category and I hope you enjoy it. Let's get started!

If you go to a restaurant, the man whose job is to bring the food to customers at the table is called waiter. But if it's a girl, we call her waitress. Now, if you want to know how to call the person who prepares and cooks food at a restaurant, here's something curious: we have two words for that person, which are cook and chef. In order to know which one is the most appropriate, you need to consider the place and the professional. If it's a cheap restaurant, you might want to call them cook, as in "she's a wonderful cook". But if it's a fancy restaurant or maybe a hotel and there's a specific skilled and trained cook, especially the most important one of them, you should call him or her a chef, as in "He is one of the top chefs in Britain."

Among the people that work at a restaurant, we also have the dishwasher, who is the person whose duty is to wash the dishes. A dishwasher can also be a machine that washes dirty plates, cups, forks, etc. Something important to know about restaurant customs is that in many places, especially in North America, it's very common for people to leave a small amount of money to the waiter for the service he's provided you with, in addition to the official payment. That small amount of money, which can actually be a big amount sometimes depending on how generous you are, is called tip. In some places, you don't need to leave a tip for the waiter, because there's a service charge included in the bill. And speaking of bill, this is how we call a request for payment of money owed, which is the total amount that you have to pay for a meal.

And since we're talking about food, it's important to name all the meals people usually have in a day. There's breakfast, which is eaten in the morning; lunch, which is eaten in the middle of the day; snack, which is a small amount of food that is eaten between meals, or a very small meal; and finally dinner, which is usually the meal you eat in the evening but sometimes, like in Britain, dinner is the meal eaten in the middle of the day. But there's a meal you may have never heard of before: brunch. Do you have any idea of what that is? That's a meal eaten in the late morning that is a combination of breakfast and lunch, because it's right in the middle of them. That's the perfect meal for people who just can't wake up early enough for breakfast, but it's very usual for anybody on Sundays, since it's the day of the weekend when people sleep in.

Now, before we wrap this up, we should talk a little bit more about types of restaurants. For example, if you go to a buffet restaurant, you'll be able to serve yourself different types of food and drinks. You're supposed to take a plate up to a table loaded with food and you can usually put as much food as you want on your plate. If you're in a hurry and don't have time for fancy restaurants or full meals, you can go to a fast food restaurant. That's the place where you'll find food that can be prepared easily and quickly, such as hamburgers. But if you have time to go to a restaurant and want a place where you can sit around and drink alcoholic beverages, you can go to the bar. That's where drinks are sold. By the way, I just used the word beverages as a synonym for drinks. And speaking of drinking, if you want to smoke, you need to ask for a smoking section; but if you don't and don't want to be bothered by the smell or smoke of a cigarette, you might want to go to a non-smoking section. Okay, that's all for today, guys. I hope you enjoyed today's inglês favorito podcast. Talk to you next time!

terça-feira, 15 de novembro de 2016

Aprendendo Inglês com uma cena de "O diabo veste Prada" [o que significa lumpy, to filter down, trickle down, fish out, exempt]

Acima está o vídeo com uma cena do filme The Devil wears Prada e o que eu quero que você faça antes de avançar a leitura é tentar preencher as lacunas com o vocabulário necessário.

Andy Sachs: No. No, no. Nothing's... You know, it's just that both those belts look exactly the same to me. You know, I'm still learning about all this _____(1) and, uh...
Miranda Priestly: 'This... stuff'? Oh. Okay. I see. You think this _____________(2) you. You go to your closet and you select... I don't know... that ______(3) blue sweater, for instance because you're trying to tell the world that you take yourself too seriously to care about what you put on your back. But what you don't know is that that sweater is not just blue, it's not turquoise. It's not lapis. It's actually cerulean. And you're also _______(4) unaware of the fact that in 2002, Oscar de la Renta did a collection of cerulean gowns. And then I think it was Yves Saint Laurent... wasn't it who showed cerulean military jackets? I think we need a jacket here. And then cerulean quickly showed up in the collections of eight different designers. And then it, uh, ____________(5) through the department stores and then _____________(6) into some tragic Casual Corner where you, no doubt, ___________(7) of some clearance bin. However, that blue represents millions of dollars and countless jobs and it's sort of comical how you think that you've made a choice that _________(8) you from the fashion industry when, in fact, you're wearing the sweater that was selected for you by the people in this room from a pile of stuff.

(1) stuff
significado: coisas.
Você pode estar se perguntando: coisas nao seria things em Inglês? Pois é. Vamos entender a diferença entre as duas palavras. Em significado, as duas palavras são a mesma coisa. Mas stuff, ao contrário de thing, não tem a forma plural. Na prática, entretanto, as palavras são usadas de forma intercambiável. Só é ter cuidado com o uso, ou seja, respeitar a gramática quanto ao uso de substantivos no plural e singular. Veja alguns exemplos:

  1. What's that stuff on the floor?
  2. What things are you talking about?
  3. I don't understand any of that stuff.
  4. You have to say the right things.

(2) has nothing to do with.
significado: ter nada a ver com
A expressão to have something to do with something or someone é muito utilizada na língua inglesa. Definitivamente não se trata duma expressão que você pode se dar ao luxo de deixar pra depois. Ela significa ter algo a ver com alguma coisa ou alguém, ter algo associado. Por exemplo:

  1. Does your dislike for Sally have something to do with the way she insulted you?
  2. My illness has something to do with my lungs.

(3) lumpy
significado: cheio de grumos
Para entender esse adjetivo, precisamos entender primeiro o que é lump. Lump pode ser traduzido como caroço em alguns contextos, mas nesse, por se tratar duma roupa, se refere a característica própria que roupa de lã tem. Elas são cheia de grumos. Na língua inglesa, é muito comum tornar um substantivo num adjetivo acrescentando apenas um y no final. veja este exemplo:

  1. he lay on the lumpy mattress

(4) blithely
significado: alegremente
Já que é pra conehcermos o advérbio blithely, que conheçamos tamb[ém o adjetivo blithe, que significa feliz, como em: She shows a blithe disregard for danger. É verdade que seu uso é bem menos comum que happy, mas é sempre bom aumentarmos nosso vocabulário, não é? Conmfira agora exemplos do advérbio blithely em uso:

  1. She blithely agreed to the contract without realizing what its consequences would be.
(5) filtered down
significado: filtrou
Antes que você pense que esse verbo se refere ao ato de "fazer passar por um filtro, literalmente falando", eu quero te dizer que a expressão to filter down tem um significado mais específico: passar dum nível mais alto e se espalhar pra pessoas, estabelecimentos, empresas, pessoas dum nível mais básico. Por exemplo, no mundo da moda isso é muito comum. Primerio um tipo d roupa passa pela mão de grandes estilistas e grandes visionários fashion pra só depois atingir as vitrines das lojas. Veja exemplos dessa expressão:

  1. It always takes a dog's age for any important company information to filter down to me and the other interns. 
  2. The government has approved a staggering $200 billion stimulus package, but some experts warn it could be years before that money filters down to individuals and smaller businesses.
  3. The information slowly filtered down from management to the hourly employees.

(6) trickled down 
significado: atingir níveis mais baixos através de alguma estrutura hierárquica:
Assim como na expressão anterior, essa expressão também está relacionada a negócios e economia. Nessa dinâmica, quando algo "trickles down" para pessoas duma base num nível mais baixo, isso significa que ele foi do nível mais alto duma estrutura hierárquica e atingiu a maior parte duma sociedade, empresa, comunidade. Veja exemplos:

  1. The sociology professor believed that money rarely trickles down from the owners of capital to the workers who toil in the factories.
(7) fished it out
significado: descobrir e pegar algo duma pilha numa loja de varejo.
Como você deve imaginar,e ssa expressão associa a ideia de púxar um peixe da agua a achar/descobrir algo. Veja esse exemplo: 

  1. She finally fished out the right letter from the files.
  2. He fished up a scandal for the paper to run in the early edition.
(8) exempt
significado: isentar
Isentar significa dispensar alguém de alguma obrigação, pagamento. Veja este exemplo:

  1. Small businesses are expressly exempted from the requirements of this legislation.